Instillation abortions are a good example of the attitude of different abortion advocates toward women's lives. In the Soviet Union, Japan, and Sweden, maternal mortality was a good enough reason to abandon instillation abortions. In the United States, the reasons for moving away from saline and other instillation abortions were different.
First, the "grey area" between 12 weeks and 16 weeks was losing abortion sales, so methods were developed to do abortions in that in-between state where the fetus was too big to simply suction out, but too small to do a saline amniocensesis.
Second, the problem of live births was becoming an embarrassment, not to mention a professional hazard. If the abortionist killed the live-born infant, he might face murder charges. But if he didn't deliver a dead baby as promised, he would face a law suit from the mother. So it was live babies, not dead women, that prompted the move away from instillation abortion in the United States. This trend is clear when you follow the practice over time.
The Century in Review Timelines:
1900 - 1950: Pre-Paradigm Shift
1950 - 1970: The Transitional Period
1970 - 1999: The Post-Legalization Era
Instillation Abortion Deaths at About.com:
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